WHAT IS A DENTAL IMPLANT?
A dental implant is a wonderful bit of dental technology. It is an artificial root -a small post or screw- inserted into your upper or lower jaw bone that provides a solid foundation on which you can place porcelain crowns.
They work exactly like a natural tooth root, providing the same function for replacement teeth. With dental implants, you can comfortably chew, speak naturally and smile with confidence.
WHAT MATERIAL IS USED FOR DENTAL IMPLANTS?
Dental implants are made of titanium. This metal is biologically compatible with the human body, and is characterized by adhere completely to the bone.
There has been no documented case of an adverse reaction to implanted titanium.
WHAT IS OSSEOINTEGRATION?
Osseointegration is a biological process in which the dental implant integrates with living bone, firmly anchoring the implant in place.
Once the dental implant is installed, the bone starts growing around it and when the implant has anchored with the jawbone, the replacement tooth may be attached and the process is finished.
ARE YOU A CANDIDATE FOR DENTAL IMPLANTS?
If you answer YES to any of the following questions, you should consider yourself to be a candidate for dental treatment with implants:
• Are you missing one, some, or all of your teeth?
• Do you have trouble with your removable dentures?
• Do they bother you, hurt, or do you have difficulty with the routine of inserting and removing a device from your mouth several times each 24 hours?
• Do you have periodontal disease with moving and loose teeth?
• Do you feel insecure about your smile?
• Have you one or more teeth with multiple root treatments ?
• Do you want to change the esthetic appearance of your old porcelain bridges?
• Do you have any congenital oral defects or are you missing one or more teeth?
• Are you embarrassed that friends and family know you have "false teeth"?
• Have you had an accident or trauma in your mouth where your teeth were affected, damaged or broken?
One or more "YES" answers make you a likely candidate. Of course, each patient has specific needs. We fully evaluate each patient to determine the most appropriate plan of dental treatment.
IS AGE A PROBLEM FOR DENTAL IMPLANTS?
Virtually anyone over age 18 may be suitable for placement ofdental implants. Patients over age 60 show an almost equal success rate as younger patients. However, health is more of a determining factor than age. If you're healthy enough to have a tooth extracted, you're probably healthy enough to receive dental implants.
WILL I BE ABLE TO CHEW WITH THE SAME FORCE AND PRESSURE I USE WITH MY NATURAL TEETH?
Yes. Following a brief adaptation period, chewing capacity is comparable to that of natural teeth.
WHAT WILL HAPPEN IN THE INITIAL CONSULTATION?
At the first appointment, we will examine your teeth and determine whether dental implantsare the best solution to your dental problems.
It is indispensable that a panoramic radiograph be taken, to discover the state of the jawbone, particularly if the teeth have been missing for some time.
This information is essential to determine if dental implantswould work for you and, if so, what particular type of dental implant would be best for your situation.
A CT Dental Scan (computed tomography) is needed for planning the exact location where we will place the dental implants.
We assess your specific dental conditions, and we determine the treatment approach that will provide the best long-term functional and aesthetic results for your needs.
WHAT DOES THE PROCEDURE INVOLVE?
The general stages for dental implants are:
• Interview, medical history, complete oral exam, radiologic studies that include a panoramic radiograph and in some cases a CT Dental Scan (computed tomography), medical interconsultation, laboratory tests, diagnosis and development of the dental plan.
• Implant surgery with local anesthesia and temporary crowns or prosthesis.
• Implant uncover and soft tissue healing
• Placement of final restoration, making the teeth
WHO SHOULD PLACE DENTAL IMPLANTS?
Implantology is a highly technical and complex form of dentistry. It is not a type of treatment that all dentists can provide. A dental implantologist is a specialist who evaluates and treats problems related to missing teeth and their solution with dental implants.
This specialist will do both the surgery and the restoration. Implants can be also placed by a maxillofacial oral surgeon or a periodontist who performs only the surgical procedures.
HOW LONG DOES THE SURGERY TAKE?
Surgery time will vary greatly depending on the number of dental implants placed. One implant will usually take from 45-60 minutes. Times go up proportionally from there to 3 hours for additional implants.
In some cases, it may be necessary to make additional surgical interventions such as bone grafts and the overall procedure may then take a little longer.
IS IT PAINFUL?
Local anesthesia avoids the pain that would be involved in the surgical procedures during implantation. This procedure often produces fewer symptoms than the extraction of a tooth, because there are no open wounds. We always use sutures.
I DON´T HAVE ENOUGH BONE, CAN I REPLACE MY MISSING TEETH WITH DENTAL IMPLANTS?
Yes. You have choices. In most cases, we can use advanced surgical techniques such as bone grafts to fill gaps in deficient bone areas to place dental implant there.
TAKING CARE YOUR NEW TEETH
The dental implant treatment is a lifelong treatment. That does not mean dental implants do not require care.
Like healthy natural teeth a dental implant needs daily cleaning routine.
It is also necessary to periodically have a dentist follow-up visit to check the condition of the mouth to ascertain the status of all teeth in particular a recently placed dental implant(s), gums and dentures.
SUCCESS RATES OF DENTAL IMPLANTS
Dental implants are among the most successful procedures in modern dentistry. The high success rate is typically from 93% to 97%, making dental implants a reliable and predictable procedure.
WHAT RISK FACTORS NEED TO BE CONSIDERED WITH CAUTION AND REQUIRE SPECIAL CARE AND PLANNING?
- Jawbone exposed to prolonged radiation.
- Teeth grinding known as "Bruxism".
- Uncontrolled diabetes.
- Alcohol consumption.
- Heavy smoking.
- Inmunosupressed condition.